Health risks related to high BMI - Overweight or Obese
The latest WHO (world health organization) projections indicate that at least one in three of the world's adult population is overweight and almost one in 10 is obese. Additionally there are over 40 million children under age five who are overweight.
The good news is that overweight and obesity are largely preventable
The key to success is to achieve an energy balance between calories consumed and calories used. The other good news is even a small weight loss (between 5 and 10 percent of your current weight) will help you to lower risk of developing these diseases.
To reach this goal, people can limit energy intake from total fats and shift fat consumption away from saturated fats to unsaturated fats; increase consumption of fruit and vegetables, as well as legumes, whole grains and nuts; and limit their intake of sugars.
And to increase the use of consumed calories , people can boost their levels of physical activity - to at least 30 to 60 minutes of regular, moderate-intensity activity on most days.
As per USA department of Health and Human Services, below are listed health diseases
Overweight and Obesity-Related Health Problems in Adults
To know more about these diseases
please visit this link
Factors Contributing to Overweight and Obesity
Overweight and obesity are generally caused by an ongoing imbalance in the body’s energy intake and expenditure. Lack of physical activity and unhealthy eating patterns in our daily lives contribute to weight gain over time.
However, dramatic changes in the world over time have altered our daily lifestyle, such as:
- Eating too much food - Increased food portions/serving size. Increased consumption of unhealthy food items e.g., high fat, sugar
and calorie content
- No physical exercise - Technology that reduces physical activity e.g. cars, computers, TV.
- Not enough sleep
- Alcohol abuse
- Genetics also play a role in determining weight.
WHO - Overweight and obesity threatens the health of our children, youth, adults and seniors, placing them at much greater risk for a wide variety of chronic diseases and health conditions.
Diseases related to Overweight and Obesity
Type 2 diabetes
High blood pressure
Osteoarthritis (Join problems)
Arthritis (bone problems)
Fatty liver disease
Source - U.S.Department of Health and Human Services
lack of Social participation
lower life expectancy
Fewer employment opportunities
What is not widely known is that the risk of health starts when someone is slightly overweight, and that the likelihood of problems increases as someone becomes more and more overweight. Many of these conditions cause long-term suffering for individuals and families.
In addition, the costs for the health care system can be extremely high.
Being overweight or obese can have a serious impact on health.
Carrying extra fat leads to serious health consequences such as cardiovascular disease (mainly heart disease and stroke), type 2 diabetes, musculoskeletal disorders like osteoarthritis (type of bone disease), and some cancers (endometrial, breast and colon). These conditions cause premature death and substantial disability.
World health Organisation (WHO) -
Childhood obesity is associated with a higher chance of premature death and disability in adulthood.
But in addition to increased future risks, obese children experience breathing difficulties, increased risk of fractures, hypertension, early markers of cardiovascular disease, insulin resistance and psychological effects.
The material on this web site is provided for educational purposes only, and is not to be used for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment.
BMI - Brings you tomorrow - today!
On a Mission to make a Healthier World
WHO (World Health Organization) releases Key Facts in 2014
- In 2014, more than 1.9 billion adults, 18 years and older, were overweight.
Of these over 600 million were obese.
- 39% of adults aged 18 years and over were overweight in 2014, and 13%
- Most of the world's population live in countries where overweight and
obesity kills more people than underweight.
- 42 million children under the age of 5 were overweight or obese in 2013.
Overweight and hence Obesity is preventable
This would be next step of overweight, so redue weight if you are overweight.