It's time to think about BMI..
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Other Important reasons for high BMI (Overweight or Obese)
Primarily there are two reasons for a person to become Overweight or Obese (high BMI)
- No Physical activity (A sedentary life with no or irregular physical activity)
- Poor food habits
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Other Reasons for being high BMI - For being Overweight or Obese
- Overeating or eating disorders
- Insufficient or poor-quality sleep
- Limited physical exercise and more calories intake
- Poor nutrition food
- Smoking cessation and other stimulant withdrawal
- Emotional factors like stress, depression,
- A diet high in simple sugars and fats such as those in soft drinks and junk food.
- Genetic predisposition
- Hormonal imbalances (e.g. hypothyroidism)
Weight gain and Alcoholic Drinks
Alcoholic drinks are usually said to contain an excessive amount of empty calories with no real nutritional value. One 12 ounce
standard beer contains about 160 calories while a glass of white wine can have as much as 300 calories.
One gin and tonic can also have as much as 300 calories. If people consume a few alcoholic drinks per week on top of their regular
diet it can quickly put them on the path to obesity.
One problem is that the calories in these alcoholic drinks do not satisfy hunger. In fact they can stimulate hunger so that the
individual ends up eating more than normal on top of the calories consumed in these drinks.
Those people who regularly go to the bar might also be missing out on healthier activities where they would be burning calories.
One gram of Alcohol contains 7 calories, so how many calories are you having in a week? There is no problem but how are you burning them? If not then it may lead to overweight and then Obesity.
Are you aware of health risks and diseases related to overweight and obesity?
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A study of over 100,000 British women found that being overweight and drinking alcohol regularly increased the chances of suffering and dying of the disease threefold.
Nearly 88,0009 people (approximately 62,000 men and 26,000 women10) die from alcohol-related causes annually, making it the third leading preventable cause of death in the United States.
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A heavy drinker may be consuming an extra 1000 to 3000 calories per day on top of their diet.
In Another Study of identical twins who have been raised apart show that genes have a strong influence on a person's weight. Overweight and obesity tend to run in families. Your chances of being overweight are greater if one or both of your parents are overweight or obese.
Your genes also may affect the amount of fat you store in your body and where on your body you carry the extra fat. Because families also share food and physical activity habits, a link exists between genes and the environment.
Children adopt the habits of their parents. A child who has overweight parents who eat high-calorie foods and are inactive will likely become overweight too. However, if the family adopts healthy food and physical activity habits, the child's chance of being overweight or obese is reduced.
Behavior, environment, and genetic factors all have a role in causing people to be overweight and obese
- Centers for Disease Control and Prevention,USA
Genetics (heredity) and family history may also play a role in overweight or obese
More than a century’s worth of research has shown that there is a significant link between obesity and genetics. If one’s parent is obese, the risk of developing obesity significantly increases. Additionally, if obesity is present during early childhood, chances are high that an individual will be obese throughout his or her life. Studies have indicated a person’s BMI can be attributed to genetic influences, with a 75% chance that a child with two obese parents will be overweight, and a 25-50% chance with one obese parent.
Certain medicines may cause you to gain weight. These medicines include some corticosteroids, antidepressants, and seizure medicines.
These medicines can slow the rate at which your body burns calories, increase your appetite, or cause your body to hold on to extra water. All of these factors can lead to weight gain.
Several prescription drugs can cause weight gain as a side effect by increasing appetite or slowing metabolism. These include corticosteroids such as hydrocortisone (used for a variety of conditions to reduce inflammation); estrogen and progesterone (used in oral contraceptives); anticonvulsants such as valproic acid (Depakote, others); certain anticancer medications; and drugs such as olanzapine (Zyprexa), haloperidol (Haldol), lithium (Eskalith, Lithobid), and clozapine (Clozaril), which are used to treat psychiatric conditions.
Paradoxically, weight gain can also be a side effect of some drugs used to treat conditions that result from obesity itself. Among these drugs are insulin and glyburide (DiaBeta and others); these are treatments for diabetes, which is common among people with weight disorders. Several antidepressants may cause patients to put on weight, including tricyclic antidepressants such as imipramine (Tofranil) or desipramine (Norpramin, Pertofrane), monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAOIs), and selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) such as paroxetine (Paxil), citalopram (Celexa), escitalopram (Lexapro), sertraline (Zoloft), fluvoxamine (Luvox), and fluoxetine (Prozac).
When used to treat depression, SSRIs may cause weight loss initially, but within six months of treatment they can induce weight gain in a significant number of patients. On the other hand, sibutramine (Meridia), another drug that stimulates serotonin (like the SSRIs), is an appetite suppressant that’s used to promote weight loss. And in a small number of patients, SSRIs such as Prozac actually cause weight loss, making them useful as a therapy for weight disorders. Much more needs to be learned in this area; the relationship between weight regulation and serotonin (a key chemical communicator in the brain and elsewhere in the body) is obviously complex.
Medicines causing overweight or Obesity
Emotional Factors leads to over eating
Studies have found that some people eat more when affected by depression, anxiety, excess eating or other emotional disorders.
Being overweight and obese is often the cause of these psychological disorders. It is a vicious cycle whereby the greater the emotions conflicts and difficulties, the greater the incidence of unhealthy eating and obesity.
It is commonly believed that some people overeat because of depression, hopelessness, anger, boredom and many other reasons that have nothing to do with hunger. It is also always not necessary that overweight and obese people have more emotional problems than other people. In fact, obese people are vulnerable to their feelings which influence their eating habits, causing them to overeat.
People also tend to overeat during times of extreme happiness. Parties, holidays, anniversaries, birthdays, can be opportunities where you set aside your diet and start overeating.
Paying attention to what you eat during partying can help in overcoming this problem.
The World Health Organization now considers obesity to be a global epidemic and a public health problem as more nations become “Westernized.” In spite of the proven health risks of obesity, the government, insurance companies and the medical profession spend very little money to counteract the commercial and cultural pressures that are producing millions of overweight people.
Stress is a common thread intertwining these factors. For example, these days it’s commonplace to work long hours and take shorter or less frequent vacations. In many families, both parents work, which makes it harder to find time for families to shop, prepare, and eat healthy foods together. Round-the-clock TV news means we hear more frequent reports of child abductions and random violent acts. This does more than increase stress levels; it also makes parents more reluctant to allow children to ride their bikes to the park to play. Parents end up driving kids to play dates and structured activities, which means less activity for the kids and more stress for parents.
Time pressures - whether for school, work, or family obligations - often lead people to eat on the run and to sacrifice sleep, both of which can contribute to weight gain.
Some researchers also think that the very act of eating irregularly and on the run may contribute to obesity. Neurological evidence indicates that the brain’s biological clock - the pacemaker that controls numerous other daily rhythms in our bodies - may also help to regulate hunger and satiety signals. Ideally, these signals should keep our weight steady.
They should prompt us to eat when our body fat falls below a certain level or when we need more body fat (during pregnancy, for example), and they should tell us when we feel satiated and should stop eating.
Close connections between the brain’s pacemaker and the appetite control center in the hypothalamus suggest that hunger and satiety are affected by temporal cues. Irregular eating patterns may disrupt the effectiveness of these cues in a way that promotes obesity.
Alcohol abuse can certainly lead to obesity. A heavy drinker may be consuming an extra 1000 to 3000 calories per day on top of their diet. They are also likely to be engaged in a lifestyle that does not involve a great deal of physical activity.
It is even possible for alcohol abusers people to be obese and still suffer from malnutrition. This is because although they are consuming plenty of calories they are not getting the right mix of nutrients that their body needs to stay healthy.
Obesity can be used as a justification to abuse alcohol. Those who are overweight like this tend to suffer from low self esteem and this can lead to symptoms of depression.
Alcohol offers a temporary reprieve from uncomfortable thoughts and emotions. This temporary comfort comes with a high price because it is likely to lead to further misery. Alcohol abuse can take people on a trip to alcoholism and further weight gain. They may lose everything they cherish along the way.
Your growing age also responsible for gaining weight
As you get older, you tend to lose muscle, especially if you're less active. Muscle loss can slow down the rate at which your body burns calories. If you don't reduce your calorie intake as you get older, you may gain weight.
Other factor is metabolism slows down during old age unless you are very active. So even eating fewer calories may lead to overweight and having more calories mal lead to obesity.
Midlife weight gain in women is mainly due to aging and lifestyle, but menopause also plays a role. Many women gain about 5 pounds during menopause and have more fat around the waist than they did before.
Pregnancy - During pregnancy, women gain weight to support their babies’ growth and development. After giving birth, some women find it hard to lose the weight. This may lead to overweight or obesity, especially after a few pregnancies.
Research shows that lack of sleep increases the risk of obesity.
For example, one study of teenagers showed that with each hour of sleep lost, the odds of becoming obese went up. Lack of sleep increases the risk of obesity in other age groups as well.
People who sleep fewer hours also seem to prefer eating foods that are higher in calories and carbohydrates, which can lead to overeating, weight gain, and obesity.
Sleep helps maintain a healthy balance of the hormones that make you feel hungry (ghrelin) or full (leptin). When you don't get enough sleep, your level of ghrelin goes up and your level of leptin goes down. This makes you feel hungrier than when you're well-rested.
How less sleep adds to your weight
Sleep also affects how your body reacts to insulin, the hormone that controls your blood glucose (sugar) level. Lack of sleep results in a higher than normal blood sugar level, which may increase your risk for diabetes.
Similarly, research shows that the less you sleep, the more likely you are to gain weight.
Lack of sufficient sleep tends to disrupt hormones that control hunger and appetite. In a 2004 study of more than 1,000 volunteers, researchers found that people who slept less than eight hours a night had higher levels of body fat than those who slept more, and the people who slept the fewest hours weighed the most.
Stress and lack of sleep are closely connected to psychological well-being, which can also affect diet and appetite, as anyone who’s ever gorged on cookies or potato chips when feeling anxious or sad can attest. Studies have demonstrated that some people eat more when affected by depression, anxiety, or other emotional disorders.
In turn, overweight and obesity themselves can promote emotional disorders: If you repeatedly try to lose weight and fail, or if you succeed in losing weight only to gain it all back, the struggle can cause tremendous frustration over time, which can cause or worsen anxiety and depression. A cycle develops that leads to greater and greater obesity, associated with increasingly severe emotional difficulties.
Insufficient sleep affects appetite and satiety hormones as well as fat cells, according to the nation's top sleep experts.